The Visishtadvaita tradition considers the Divya Dampati, Lord Narayana and his consort Sri always inseparable. Ramanuja derives the basic tenets of this tradition from Alavandar, who inherited it from his grandfather, Sage Nathamuni. In his hymn the Stotra Ratna, Alavandar pays homage to the two great sages, Parasara, the composer of Vishnu Purana, and Nammazhwar, whose Tiruvaimozhi is considered the very essence of the Vedas. He claims that both were blessed with direct perception of the essence of the truths about chit, achit and Ishwara, and inspired him, Asuri Sri Madhavachariar pointed out in a speech. They explain that the Divine Couple enjoys equal status and identical power in all respects of swaroopa and swabhava.

If the Lord permeates everything, so does Pirati. Both have the power to bestow moksha and when the prapanna does saranagati, the request for moksha is directed to the two who are considered as one entity. Parasara also says that just as word and meaning cannot be separated, and sabda and artha always go together, so Vishnu as sabda and Pirati as vak are integral.

This idea is taken up by Kalidasa who pays homage to Parvati and Parameswara, who are always together as vak and artha. The Lord and Pirati are bound by dharma to punish wandering jivatmas and also forgive them when they sincerely repent. Sita reveals that she is on an equal footing with the Lord in this regard in the Sundara Kanda. She tells Ravana that she can punish him and burn him to ashes if she wants. She also advises him to repent of his sins not only to separate her from Rama but also because he covets her. She tells him that if he wishes to save himself, he can approach Rama as a friend and ask for forgiveness.


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