The European Parliament sets out the European roadmap for the regulation of artificial intelligence, focusing on strengthening relations with the United States and other allies to be able to establish global standards.
On Tuesday May 3, the European Parliament adopted by 495 votes against 34 the final recommendations of its special committee on artificial intelligence in the digital age (AIDA). The report notes that the EU has fallen behind in the global race for technological leadership, but the real risk is that standards will be developed by “undemocratic actors”, clearly referring to China – which is the other country , with the United States. , leader in the race to develop AI. MEPs say the EU must act as a global standard setter on AI.
The report highlights that artificial intelligence technologies could pose important ethical and legal questions, and expresses concerns about military research and technological developments in lethal autonomous weapons systems. Parliament also pointed out that certain AI technologies enable the automation of information processing on an unprecedented scale, opening the way to potential mass surveillance and other unlawful interference with fundamental rights. MEPs warn that “authoritarian regimes can apply AI systems to control, exercise mass surveillance and classify their citizens or restrict freedom of movement, while dominant technology platforms use AI to obtain more information personal”.
Given these possible risks, the European Parliament has encouraged “like-minded democracies” to work together to shape the international debate and, if possible, future standards on AI.
“The EU now has the unique chance to promote a human-centric and trustworthy approach to AI. An approach based on fundamental rights, which manages the risks while reaping the full benefits that AI can bring to society as a whole,” said Axel Voss, Member of the European Parliament.
On a more technical level, the report suggests that while regulation is necessary, “only high-risk AI applications need to be strictly regulated in order to have room for innovation and avoid the burden Moreover, AI is entirely dependent on high-quality data. Current frameworks do not provide for rapid access and sufficient sharing of data, which needs to be revised and expanded.”
Other proposals in the report focus on how to create an ecosystem of AI excellence. This includes digital infrastructure, deployment of broadband and 5G technology, and quantum computing. However, given the region’s limitations in some of these areas compared to the two world leaders, the United States and China, the report highlights the need to educate people in digital and AI skills at all stages of education and employment.
“Our best ideas, talent and businesses” are going elsewhere, according to the report. Voss warned that the window of opportunity was closing, saying the EU needed to “focus, prioritize, invest”.
This final AIDA report is not a legislative proposal, but it will feed into the forthcoming parliamentary work on AI – in particular the AI law, which is currently being discussed in the Internal Market and Freedoms Committees civil. The law on AI should be voted on by the two commissions in charge of the proposal at the end of September.
Read more: EU lawmaker: Europe should benefit from AI rules
In the United States, there is not yet a legislative proposal at the federal level to regulate artificial intelligence, but different federal agencies are taking the initiative to regulate certain aspects of AI and provide guidance. For example, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is developing a framework to better manage the risks to individuals, organizations, and society associated with artificial intelligence. NIST’s Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Framework (AI RMF) aims to improve the ability to integrate reliability considerations into the design, development, use, and evaluation of computer products, services, and systems. ‘IA.
Read more: The US FTC could find an ally in NIST to advance its AI program